Diyala Journal For Pure Science
Scientific Refereed Journal Published By College of Science - University of Diyala
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Diyala Journal For Pure Sciences DJPS
ISRA Impact Factor:3.715
P- ISSN:2222-8373, E-ISSN:2518-9255
Volume 13, Issue 1, Part 1 , January. 2017
Anatomical and Phytochemical Study of Glossostemon bruguieri (Desf.) Sterculiaceae in Kurdistan Region of Iraq
Khalid Faiq Darweesh , Karzan Mahmood Ahmed
Year: 2017, Volume: 13, Issue: 1, Part: 1
Pages: 23-42, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24237/djps.1301.115B
Glossostemon bruguieri named "ARAB QŌZI" or "MOGHAT", which is used in the traditional medicine for treatment various ailments, where no such study has been conducted so far. This investigations report for the first time the anatomical characters and identify the chemical constituents of methanolic extract for different parts of G. bruguieri by using modern sensitive gas chromatography – mass spectroscopy (GC-MS).The microscopic study showed the present of internal duct in all studied parts ,also present of oil drops in the cells of root ,cells with special bodies near the vascular bundle of leaves and its petioles and the present of (Stellate, dendroid and multicellular glandular) trichome in aerial parts of the plant. GC-MS analysis revealed the presence of many compounds in different parts of G. bruguieri different between the parts in relation to the anatomical structure which reflex the importance of the aerial parts of the plant in addition to traditional use of root.
Keywords: Glossostemon bruguier (Moghat), anatomy, phytochemical analysis.